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1 The full presentation, including slides and text, is available at www.equity.psu.edu

2 Qtd. in Margaret Spellings, "The Road to Reform" (Prepared Remarks for Secretary Spellings at the James B. Hunt, Jr. Institute for Educational Leadership and Policy 2005 Governors Education Symposium in Charlotte, N.C., November 10, 2005). www.ed.gov/news/speeches/2005/11/11102005.html (Accessed November 10, 2008). Currently available at: http://www2.ed.gov/news/speeches/2005/11/11102005.html (Accessed 12-01-11).

3 Robert Hormats, "Reducing International Divisions in the Global Economy" (The Elliott School JAMA Lecture, The Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., March 29, 2001). www.jama.org/library/hormats_lecture_032901.pdf* (Accessed November 10, 2008). Currently available at: http://njkk.com/library/hormats_lecture_032901.pdf (Accessed 12-01-11).

4 Ibid., 11

5 Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates by State and Race/Ethnicity, 1992 to 2022, www.wiche.edu/policy/knocking/1992-2022/index.asp* (Accessed November 10, 2008). Currently available at: http://wiche.edu/knocking (Accessed 12-01-11).

6 www.wiche.edu/policy/knocking/1992-2022/Pennsylvania.pdf* Currently available at: http://wiche.edu/info/publications/knocking_complete_book.pdf (Accessed 12-01-11).

7 Ka-yee Leung, Angela et al., Multicultural Experience Enhances Creativity: The When and How , April 2008, American Psychologist, Vol. 63, No. 3, 169-181.

8 Jennifer Gratz and Patrick Hamacher v. Lee Bollinger et al. 539 U.S. 244 (2003); Barbara Grutter v. Lee Bollinger et al., 539 U.S. 306 (2003).

9 Recent research includes James A. Anderson, with Foreword by Ronald A. Crutcher, Driving Change Through Diversity and Globalization: Transformative Leadership in the Academy (Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2008), 42-43; George D. Kuh, Jillian Kinzie, John H. Schuh, Elizabeth J. Whitt, Assessing Conditions to Enhance Educational Effectiveness: The Inventory for Student Engagement and Success (San Francisco: Jossey Bass, A Wiley Imprint, 2005), 53-55; Alma R. Clayton-Pederson, Sharon Parker, Daryl G. Smith, José F. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi, Making a Real Difference with Diversity: A Guide to Institutional Change, (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2007), 37; Jeffrey F. Milem, Mitchell J. Chang, and Anthony Lising Antonio, Making Diversity Work on Campus: A Research-based Perspective, (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2005), 26-27; Mary J. Fischer, "Does Campus Diversity Promote Friendship Diversity? A Look at Interracial Friendships in College," Social Science Quarterly , 89, no. 3 (September 1, 2008): 631-655. www.proquest.com/ (Accessed November 1, 2008); Anthony Lising Antonio, Mitchell J. Chang, Kenji Hakuta, David A. Kenny, Shana Levin, and Jeffrey F. Milem, "Effects of Racial Diversity on Complex Thinking in College Students," Psychological Science ,15, no. 8 (August, 2004): 507-510.

10 Penn State ranks number 42 on the 2008 Academic Ranking of World Universities by the Center for World-Class Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, the most widely accepted ranking system www.arwu.org/rank2008/EN2008.htm* , and number 105 on the Times Higher Education "World University Rankings 2008" www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ The ARWU 2008 rankings can be fount at: http://www.arwu.org/ARWU2008.jsp (Accessed 12-01-11) Current ranking information for ARWU can be found at http://www.shanghairanking.com/ Current ranking information for Times of Higher Education can be found at http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ (Accessed 12-01-11). More information on Penn State rankings is available at http://www.psu.edu/this-is-penn-state/rankings

11 More information about AAC&U diversity initiatives, including Core Commitments, is available at www.aacu.org/resources/diversity/index.cfm.

12 More information about ACE access and equity initiatives is available at (American Council on Education Access & Equity*)
Information on the Spectrum initiative is available at American Council on Education Spectrum Initiative: Advancing Diversity in the College Presidency

13 Alma R. Clayton-Pedersen, Sharon Parker, Daryl G. Smith, José R. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi, with contributing Editor Nancy O'Neill, Making a Real Difference With Diversity (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2007).

14 James A. Anderson, with Foreword by Ronald A. Crutcher, Driving Change Through Diversity and Globalization: Transformative Leadership in the Academy (Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2008).

15 Alma R. Clayton-Pedersen, Sharon Parker, Daryl G. Smith, José R. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi, with contributing Editor Nancy O'Neill, Making a Real Difference With Diversity (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2007).

16 A Framework to Foster Diversity at Penn State: 1998-2003, 13.

17 Results of the 2008 Faculty/Staff Survey are available http://facultystaffsurvey.psu.edu/

18 Shane L. Windmeyer, The Advocate College Guide for LGBT Students (Alyson Publications, Inc., 2006).

19 www.campusclimateindex.org/

20 According to 2008 NCAA federal graduation rate data, the following universities' six-year four-class average graduation rates for African American undergraduate students were Virginia, 88%; North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 74%; Michigan, 71%; Cal Berkeley, 71%; Penn State, 68%; Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 64%; Pittsburgh, 60%; Wisconsin at Madison, 56%; Temple, 56%; Ohio State, 52% www.ncaa.org/wps/ncaa?ContentID=38757* 2008 NCAA Graduation Rate information for Penn State is currently available at: http://web1.ncaa.org/app_data/inst2008/539.pdf Additional NCAA graduation rate information is availble through http://www.ncaa.org/wps/wcm/connect/public/NCAA/Resources/Research/Graduation+Rates (Accessed 12-01-11).

21 The National Jurist, (March 2007), 16-25.

22 See Kenneth Oldfield, "Humble and Hopeful: Welcoming First-Generation Poor and Working-Class Students to College" About Campus, January-February 2007, 2-12.

23 Dalton Conley and Rebecca Glauber, "Wealth Mobility and Volatility in Black and White" Center for American Progress. (July 2008) available: www.americanprogress.org/issues/2008/07/wealth_mobility.html (Accessed November 10, 2008).

24 Employee counts for 1997 put 24% of employees in the 50-59 age group whereas in 2007, it increased to 31%. Source: Penn State Enterprise Information System (EIS).

25 Drew Hyman, John E. Ayers, Erskine H. Cash, Donald E. Fahnline, David P. Gold, Elise A. Gurgevich, Robert O. Herrmann, Peter C. Jurs, David E. Roth, John D. Swisher, M. Susie Whittington, and Helen S. Wright, UniSCOPE 2000: A Multidimensional Model of Scholarship for the 21st Century, University Park, PA: The UniSCOPE Learning Community,(2000). Available: http://cas.psu.edu/docs/CASPROF/keystone21/uniscope/default.htm (Accessed November 10, 2008).

26 See Alma R. Clayton-Pederson, Sharon Parker, Daryl G. Smith, José F. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi, Making a Real Difference with Diversity: A Guide to Institutional Change, (Washington, D.C. 2007), 25-35.

27 See James A. Anderson, with Foreword by Ronald A. Crutcher, Driving Change Through Diversity and Globalization: Transformative Leadership in the Academy, (Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2008), 42-43; George D. Kuh, Jillian Kinzie, John H. Schuh, Elizabeth J. Whitt, Assessing Conditions to Enhance Educational Effectiveness: The Inventory for Student Engagement and Success (San Francisco: Jossey Bass, A Wiley Imprint, 2005), 53-55.

28 See Alma R. Clayton-Pederson, Sharon Parker, Daryl G. Smith, José F. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi, Making a Real Difference with Diversity: A Guide to Institutional Change, (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2007), 37; Jeffrey F. Milem, Mitchell J. Chang, and Anthony Lising Antonio, Making Diversity Work on Campus: A Research-based Perspective, (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2005), 26-27.

29 See James A. Anderson, with Foreword by Ronald A. Crutcher, Driving Change Through Diversity and Globalization: Transformative Leadership in the Academy, (Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2008), 53; Alma R. Clayton-Pederson, Sharon Parker, Daryl G. Smith, José F. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi, Making a Real Difference with Diversity: A Guide to Institutional Change, (Washington, D.C. 2007), 33.

30 A Framework to Foster Diversity at Penn State: 1998-2003, 33.

31 www.equity.psu.edu/Framework/bestpractices.htm

32 James A. Anderson, with Foreword by Ronald A. Crutcher, Driving Change Through Diversity and Globalization: Transformative Leadership in the Academy, (Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2008), 20.

33 See Caryn MacTighe Musil, Mildred García, Cynthia A. Hudgins, Michael T. Nettles, William E. Sedlacek, and Daryl G. Smith, To Form a More Perfect Union: Campus Diversity Initiatives, (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 1999); Daryl G. Smith, "Strategic Evaluation: An Imperative for the Future of Campus Diversity" in Diversity and Unity: The Role of Higher Education in Building Democracy, 2nd Tri-nation Campus Diversity Seminar ed. M. Cross, N. Cloete, E. Beckham, A. Harper, J. Indiresan and C. Musil, (Capetown: Maskew Miller Longman, 1999), 155-176; Daryl G. Smith, Guy L. Gerbrick, Mark A. Figueroa, Gail Harris Watkins, Thomas Levitan, Leeshawn Cradoc Moore, Pamela A. Merchant, Haim Dov Beliak, and Benjamin Figueroa, Diversity Works: The Emerging Picture of How Students Benefit, (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 1997).

34 www.equity.psu.edu

35 Review team membership includes faculty, staff, students, and administrators, including representatives from Commission for Women, Commission on Racial/Ethnic Diversity, Commission on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Equity, University Faculty Senate, campuses, and diversity student organizations.

* Link is no longer available at this web address